Mayakovskaya Metro Station
It seems to me, if you are separating Moscow Metro from all other metro networks around the world because you find it beautiful, you would also separate Mayakovskaya Station from all other Moscow metro stations following the same feeling. Mayakovskaya Station is indeed one of the most photogenic and popular stations in Moscow and I think I can tell why this station is so popular:
First of all, it is beautiful! The light structure of the station combining with the beautiful mosaics on ceiling makes you take photos of this beauty. Secondly, it is on the center and therefore tourists mostly don’t skip it and tell their friends about it when they go back to their homes.
Mayakovskaya Station is also the only one -among the other central stations on the green line-, which does not have a connection to any other line. That’s why it is also surprisingly calmer comparing to other stations in the center. This makes you like it more.
And lastly, it is carrying the name of Vladimir Mayakovsky.
History and Structure
Mayakovskaya Station, opened in 1938, is the first deep column station in the world. For those, -like me- who don’t understand what this means: This is a type of station with a central hall and two side halls supported by a row of columns. Thanks to their lighter structures such stations look brighter comparing to the traditional pylon stations, where halls are separated by a row of heavy pylons with passages between them.
During the World War II, the station was used as a bomb shelter like as many other Moscow metro stations, but it was Mayakovskaya Station, where Stalin made a speech on November 1941 and said that Moscow will stand!
The columns carry a row of domes over the main hall, which –with bunch of lights- look like bright holes on the ceiling. But instead, there are ceiling mosaics by Alexander Deyneka, a serial of works named ‘24-Hour Soviet Sky’.
If you start checking them from north, you first will see a Soviet flag and planes above aligned to form letters CCCP.
Then it continues with scenes from nature and some planes on air.
It goes on with more planes, paratroopers and some sportswomen and sportsmen.
It ends with a scene of two airplanes and a blooming apple tree.
The name of the station comes from Vladimir Mayakovsky, a very famous Russian poet. In 2005 a new exit was built on north and this vestibule has a mosaic work on the ceiling, with lyrics from his poem ‘Moscow Sky’.
All exits of Mayakovskaya Station are on Tverskaya street, which is the main radial street in Moscow and leads you directly to the Red Square. I personally was not enjoying much to walk on this street, since there was nothing interesting for pedestrians. So when it comes to a big celebration (like Victory Day or Moscow Day) Russians closing it to traffic. Those time I liked the street more.
One of the south exits is just next to the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall. The square in front of it, called Triumph Square, was just a boring empty space with the statue of Mayakovsky in the middle and asphalt on the ground.
The area recently (on September 2015) has been renovated, following the project by BuroMoscow, the winner of the architectural competition for the reconstruction of the square.
Closer to the exit of the station they added big swings, which are busily occupied and behind the statue they added some modern kiosks as well to make the square more active.
ID Mayakovskaya Station
Zamoskvoretskaya Line (no. 2, green)
Opened: 11 September 1938
Depth: 33 meters (108 ft.)